Nutrition Therapy for Prostate Cancer
Good nutrition is an important part of prostate cancer treatment. The main objective of our prostate cancer nutrition team is to support you, so you can tolerate treatment and fight the disease. Your dietitian will monitor your nutrition status from the beginning to the end of your treatment, making modifications as needed. We will proactively support your nutritional needs to prevent potential problems or treatment interruptions before they arise.
Specifically, you should incorporate these principles when reevaluating your daily diet:
- Reduce animal fat in your diet. Studies show that excess fat, primarily red meat and high-fat dairy, stimulates prostate cancer to grow.
- Avoid trans fatty acids, which are known to promote cancer growth. These are high in margarines, and fried and baked foods.
- Increase your fresh fish intake, which is high in the very beneficial alpha omega-3 fatty acids. Ideally eat cold-water fish such as salmon, sardines, mackerel, and trout, at least two to three times a week. The fish should be poached, baked, or grilled (not burned or charred). Avoid fried fish.
- Significantly increase your fresh fruit, herb, and vegetable consumption daily. Powerful anticancer nutrients are being discovered regularly in colorful fruits and vegetables, fresh herbs, leafy green vegetables, nuts, berries, and seeds.
- Avoid high-calcium diets, which have been shown to stimulate prostate cancer growth.
- Take a multivitamin with B complex and folic acid daily.
- Avoid high-dose zinc supplements.
- Increase your natural vitamin C consumption — this includes citrus, berries, spinach, cantaloupe, sweet peppers, and mango.
- Drink green tea several times each week.
- Avoid excess preserved, pickled, or salted foods.
- Eat red grapes, drink red grape juice, or red wine regularly.
- Eat leafy dark-green vegetables frequently.
- Cruciferous vegetables are cancer protective. These include cabbage, broccoli, and cauliflower.
- Tomatoes and especially tomato products are very high in lycopene, a powerful anticancer substance. This includes pizza sauce, tomato paste, and ketchup.
- Avoid flax seed oil. This can stimulate prostate cancer to grow. You can obtain the very healthy alpha omega-3 fatty acids you need through fresh fish and nuts.
- Use olive oil, which is very healthy and rich in vitamin E and antioxidants. Avocado oil is also good. Avoid oils high in polyunsaturated fats such as corn, canola, or soybean.
Dietary Supplements in the Treatment of Prostate Cancer
The oral supplements include vitamins, minerals, enzymes, essential fatty acids, herbs, amino acids, accessory food factors and special therapeutic foods. The vitamins we emphasize are high doses of vitamin C, antioxidants A and E, vitamin D, the B3 vitamin niacinamide, and modest amounts of other B vitamins.
Although all minerals are important, the mineral supplements we emphasize because of their strong anti-cancer properties are selenium, calcium and magnesium. Modest amounts of zinc are recommended and balanced with copper. A wide range of trace minerals, preferably in colloidal form are also prescribed. Enzymes help to digest food when taken with meals. When ingested in between meals, they have many therapeutic functions including anti-inflammatory activities and anti-cancer activities. They seem to help prevent metastases. Pancreatic enzymes and some plant based enzymes, such as bromelain from pineapple, are used. Enzymes may be given as rectal retention enemas as well.
If you feel that you may be a candidate for nutrition therapy for treatment of prostate cancer – or just want to discuss all of your options – please call our office today to schedule a consultation.